by Sen. Bill Doyle
The Whigs occupied the statehouse for almost twenty years beginning with Silas Jenison in 1835, with the Democrats winning only one election, in 1853. In addition to the Whigs, Democrats and Anti-Masons, a splinter party had come upon the Vermont political scene. The Liberty party grew out of the organized anti-slavery movement in the state, which had begun with the founding in Middlebury of an Anti-Slavery Society in 1834.
The society, in its first annual report, declared, “We therefore proclaim war with slavery, our weapon is truth – our basis, justice – our incentive, humanity – our force, moral power – our watchword, onward – our hope of success, in God.” Abolitionist speakers were met with resistance, in some cases. In 1835 anti-slavery lectures by Samuel May were broken up in Montpelier and Rutland.
In 1837 the society resolved that “American slavery in principle is under all circumstances a flagrant sin.” In 1840 the society resolved that “the ministers who… oppose the case of emancipation or remain silent on the subject, are unworthy of support or confidence as religious guides or teachers.”
During the late 1830s, abolitionist petitions poured into the United States Congress. Most of the petitions related to the existence of slavery in the District of Columbia, and the domestic slave trade. As a result, a “gag rule” was adopted by Congress that required that petitions on the subject of slavery be laid on the table without action.
Congressman William Slade, who had received many such petitions from his constituents in Vermont, rose to address the U.S. House of Representatives and said:
“We must not bury these petitions. And let me way to you gentlemen, that such a policy will certainly defeat itself. You cannot smother investigation of this subject. The spirit of free inquiry is the master spirit of the age.”
Senator Bill Doyle serves on the Senate Education Committee and Senate Economic Affairs Committee, and is the Senate Assistant Minority Leader. He teaches government history at Johnson State College. He can be reached at 186 Murray Road, Montpelier, VT 05602; e-mail email@example.com; or call 223-2851.